Brenner, Charles Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Last reviewed:September 2019
- Biochemical background
- Respiratory electron transport chain
- Process of cellular respiration
- Example of white adipocytes
- Other considerations
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The set of reactions that use oxygen as the ultimate electron acceptor to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), generate heat, generate electrochemical gradients, and/or perform oxygen-dependent metabolic transformations. It is incorrect to equate cellular respiration (Fig. 1) with production of ATP (a vital energy compound in living cells) because some processes that produce ATP do not use oxygen and because some processes that use oxygen do not generate ATP. See also: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP); Biochemistry; Biological oxidation; Cell (biology); Cell biology; Electron; Energy metabolism; Metabolism; Oxygen
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