Ferrell, James E., Jr. Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Last reviewed:April 2018
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- Eukaryotic phases
- G1 phase
- S phase
- G2 phase
- M phase
- Control of cell cycle
- Cell cycle entry
- Mitotic control
- G1- and S-phase control
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The succession of events that culminates in the asexual reproduction of a eukaryotic cell; also known as the cell division cycle. In a typical cell cycle (Fig. 1), the eukaryotic parent cell doubles its volume, mass, and complement of chromosomes, then sorts its doubled contents to opposite sides of the cell, and finally divides in half to yield two genetically identical offspring. Implicit in the term cycle is the idea that division brings the double-sized parent cell back to its original size and chromosome number, and ready to begin another cell cycle. This idea fits well with the behavior of many unicellular organisms; however, for multicellular organisms, the daughter cells may differ from their parent cell and from each other in terms of size, shape, and differentiation state. See also: Cell (biology); Cell biology; Cell differentiation; Cell division; Chromosome; Eukaryotae; Genetics
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