Jones, Brian Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
- Limestone components
- Evolution of carbonate depositional successions
- Limestone diagenesis
- Additional Readings
Carbonate sedimentary rocks, irrespective of their age, are economically important because they act as reservoirs for oil and gas, and host ores of metals such as lead and zinc, and are used for building stone, aggregates, and cement production. Limestone, formed mainly of calcium carbonate [CaCO3], and dolostone, formed mainly of magnesium-calcium carbonate [CaMg(CO3)2], are the two main rock types. Despite their chemical simplicity, these rocks have commonly undergone complex chemical transformations during diagenesis. Although marine carbonates are typically equated with shallow, tropical marine settings (Fig. 1), vast areas of carbonate sediments are also forming in cool water temperature seas, such as those found off the south coast of Australia. Nonmarine carbonates form in freshwater lakes, streams, caves, and springs (Fig. 2).
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information