Saul, Everett L. Products Division, Bristol-Myers Company.
- Additional Readings
A bicyclic, saturated terpene ketone. It exists in the optically active dextro and levo forms, and as the racemic mixture of the two forms. All of these melt within a degree of 178°C (352°F). The principal form is dextro−camphor, which occurs in the wood and leaves of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora). Taiwan is the chief source of natural camphor which is distilled from the wood of this tree. Camphor is also synthesized commercially on a large scale from pinene which yields mainly the racemic variety. The structural formula of the molecule is shown below.
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