- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Field crops, grasses, plant fibers, spices, tree crops, herbs
- Camphor tree
Strausbaugh, Perry D. Department of Botany, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Core, Earl L. Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Last reviewed:January 2019
Show previous versions
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The tree Cinnamomum camphora, a member of the laurel family, from which camphor is extracted. The camphor tree (see illustration) belongs to the Lauraceae (laurel) family of plants in the order Laurales. It is a native species of China, Japan, and Taiwan. The tree grows typically to a height of 12 m (39 ft), is dense-topped, and has shiny, dark, evergreen leaves. It is widely planted as an ornamental tree or a timber tree. The Janka hardness for the wood from the camphor tree is 422 kg-force (930 lb-force); its density is 625 kg/m3 (39 lb/ft3). All parts of the tree contain camphor (a terpene ketone). Camphor oil (an essential oil) is obtained by steam distillation of finely ground wood from the camphor tree. During the distillation process, the crude camphor crystallizes on the surface of the still. After the camphor is removed and refined, it is the commercial gum camphor, which is used in medicines and perfumes, as well as in the manufacture of celluloid and nitrocellulose compounds. See also: Camphor; Essential oils; Forest timber resources; Laurales; Ornamental plants; Tree
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information