History of the camera
Davidhazy, Andrew Imaging and Photographic Technology, School of Photographic Arts and Sciences, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York.
White, Lawrence R. Technical Director, "Popular Photography," New York, New York.
- Viewfinders and focusing aids
- Exposure control
- Auxiliary equipment
- Additional Readings
The history of the device for forming and recording visual images. The camera is the basic tool of photography. In its simplest form, a camera is a lighttight box in which an image is formed through a pinhole or lens at one end onto a light-sensitive material at the opposite end. Most cameras contain an aperture and shutter for controlling the amount of light reaching the light-sensitive material (exposure). The recording material may be a photosensitive silver halide emulsion film, an electronic device such as a charge-coupled device (CCD) or complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor, or some other photosensitive material designed for a specific purpose. See also: Charge-coupled devices
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