Noche, Jessica A. Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of California, Irvine, California.
Yassa, Michael A. Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, University of California, Irvine, California.
Last reviewed:June 2019
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- Effects of caffeine on the brain
- Effects of caffeine on memory and neurodegenerative diseases
- Dosage and negative effects
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A crystalline methylxanthine alkaloid that acts as a stimulant to the central nervous system. Chemically, caffeine is 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, and has the structural formula shown below.
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