May, F. H. Kerr-McGee Corporation, Whittier, California.
Levasheff, V. V. American Potash and Chemical Corporation, Whittier, California.
Last reviewed:October 2019
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A chemical element, B, atomic number 5, atomic weight 10.811, in group 13 of the periodic table. It has three valence electrons and is nonmetallic in behavior. It is classified as a metalloid and is the only nonmetallic element which has fewer than four electrons in its outer shell. The free element is prepared in crystalline or amorphous form. The crystalline form is an extremely hard, brittle solid. It is of jet-black to silvery-gray color with a metallic luster. One form of crystalline boron is bright red. The amorphous form is less dense than the crystalline and is a dark-brown to black powder. In the naturally occurring compounds, boron exists as a mixture of two stable isotopes with atomic weights of 10 and 11. See also: Periodic table
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