Turner, Ruth D. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A variety of marine bivalve mollusks which penetrate solid substrata. They represent seven families and vary in the extent to which they are specialized, in the type of substrata they utilize, and in their method of boring. It is difficult to differentiate borers, burrowers, and nestlers because some species, such as Hiatella arctica, not only bore into hard limestones, calcareous sandstones, and chalks, but also burrow in peat or sand-filled crevices in hard rocks, or nestle in holdfasts of Laminaria. Undoubtedly the true borers evolved from burrowers via forms that were living in increasingly harder substrata.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information