Weibell, Fred J. Biomedical Engineering Society, Culver City, California.
Last reviewed:April 2018
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- Clinical engineering
- Biomedical research
- Physiological modeling
- Artificial organs and prosthetics
- Rehabilitation engineering
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An interdisciplinary field in which the principles, laws, and techniques of engineering are applied to facilitate progress in medicine, biology, and other life sciences. Biomedical engineering encompasses both engineering science and applied engineering in order to define and solve problems in medical research and clinical medicine for the improvement of health care. Biomedical engineers must have training in anatomy, physiology, and medicine, as well as in engineering. In particular, biomedical engineering entails the design and development of tools and instrumentation to enhance the ability of physicians and life scientists to obtain information on physiological and biological processes, and to aid in the treatment of diseases or other abnormalities. It is also an important component in the design and development of artificial organs, limbs, and other prosthetic devices that replace missing body parts or that enhance deteriorated physiological functions (see illustration). Biomedical engineering contributes to medical and biological research aimed at learning more about the functional processes in various physiological systems. An important part of biomedical engineering research is the use of computer techniques to develop mathematical models of physiological functions and processes to expand available theoretical knowledge. See also: Biomechanics; Biomedical chemical engineering; Control systems; Engineering; Engineering design; Medical control systems; Medicine; Simulation
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