Yin, Frank C. P. Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
Chien, Shu Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University of California, La Jolla, California.
Alexander, R. McNeill Department of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Last reviewed:March 2021
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- Constitutive laws
- Living tissues
- Cells and organs
- Forces on foot
- Elastic mechanisms in running
- Forces in leg muscles
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A field that combines the disciplines of biology and engineering mechanics and utilizes the tools of physics, mathematics, and engineering to quantitatively describe the properties of biological materials. Biomechanics helps explain how the mechanical interactions of anatomical structures such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bones ultimately produce movement by a living body. Some examples of research involving biomechanics include injury rehabilitation, sports medicine, and astronaut health (Fig. 1). See also: Astronautics; Engineering; Mathematics; Physics; Space biology; Sports medicine
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