Anglin, Donald L. Consultant, Automotive and Technical Writing, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Sadoway, Donald R. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Last reviewed:March 2019
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- Battery, published November 2016:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Battery, published June 2014:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Primary and secondary battery types
- Selection and applications
- Primary battery usage
- Secondary battery usage
- Primary batteries
- Secondary batteries
- Lead-acid batteries
- Lithium-ion batteries
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
An electrochemical device that stores chemical energy which can be converted into electrical energy, thereby providing a direct-current voltage source. Although the term “battery” is properly applied to a group of two or more electrochemical cells connected together electrically, both single-cell and multicell devices are called batteries (Fig. 1). An extremely reliable source of power, batteries appear in a vast number and range of applications in the modern world, for instance in mobile telecommunications devices, portable computers, vehicles, and electronics. See also: Automobile; Computer; Direct current; Electric vehicle; Electrochemistry; Electromotive force (cells); Electronics; Mobile communications
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