Banded iron formation
Trendall, Alec Francis Department of Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia.
- Varieties and nomenclature
- Global distribution and ages
- Associated rocks, deposit dimensions, and band continuity
- Economic importance
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A sedimentary rock that was commonly deposited during the Precambrian. It was probably laid down as a colloidal iron-rich chemical precipitate, but in its present compacted form it consists typically of equal proportions of iron oxides (hematite or magnetite) and silica in the finely crystalline form of quartz known as chert. Its chemical composition is 50% silicon dioxide (SiO2) and 50% iron oxides (Fe2O3 and Fe3O4), to give a total iron content of about 30%. Banding is produced by the concentration of these two chemical components into layers about 1–5 cm (1/2–2 in.) thick; typical banded iron formation consists of pale silica-rich cherty bands alternating with black to dark red iron-rich bands (Fig. 1). These contrasting layers are sharply defined, so that the rock has a striped appearance; banded iron formation is normally a hard, tough rock, highly resistant both to erosion and to breaking with a hammer.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information