Grasshoff, K. Institut für Meereskunde an der Universität Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
- Geologic history
- Oxygen and nutrients
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A semienclosed brackish sea located in a humic zone, with a positive water balance relative to the adjacent ocean (the North Sea and the North Atlantic). The Baltic is connected to the North Sea by the Great Belt (70% of the water exchange), the Øresund (20% of the water exchange), and the Little Belt. The total area of the Baltic is 147,414 mi2 (381,705 km2), its total volume 4982 mi3 (20,764 km3), and its average depth 181 ft (55.2 m). The greatest depth is 1510 ft (459 m), in the Landsort Deep.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information