Avian influenza (bird flu)
Sampathkumar, Priya Division of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Last reviewed:September 2019
Show previous versions
- H5N1 avian influenza
- H7N9 avian influenza
- Transmission of avian influenza
- Avian influenza and the pandemic threat
- Vaccine prospects
- Research areas
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An infectious viral disease primarily affecting fowl, with rare occurrences in humans. Avian influenza, also termed bird flu, is a viral disease caused by influenza A subtypes that primarily affect chickens, turkeys, migratory waterfowl, and other avian species. Avian influenza outbreaks in domesticated birds are of concern for several reasons, including (1) the potential for rapid spread and significant illness and death among poultry during outbreaks, (2) the economic impact and trade restrictions resulting from an avian influenza outbreak, and (3) the possibility that avian influenza A viruses could be transmitted to humans. Two avian influenza viruses that have been of significant concern are the avian influenza subtype H5N1 virus, which is circulating primarily in parts of Asia and Africa, and the subtype H7N9 virus, which has been limited to China. See also: Animal virus; Aves; Infectious disease; Influenza; Poultry production; Public health; Virus; Zoonoses
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information