Marks, Lawrence E. Pierce Foundation, New Haven, Connecticut.
- Reverberation and anechoic rooms
- Articulation tests
- Bone conduction tests
- Audiometric testing
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The quantitative assessment of individual hearing, both normal and defective. In typical tests, pure tones are presented through headphones, though some tests use speech instead of tones. In bone conduction tests, tones are presented through a vibrator placed on the head. Audiometric tests may serve various purposes, such as investigation of auditory fatigue under noise conditions, human engineering study of hearing aids and communication devices, screening of individuals with defective hearing, and diagnosis and treatment of defective hearing. In all of these situations, individual hearing is measured relative to defined standards of normal hearing (Fig. 1).
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