Lindroth, Eva Atomic Physics Division, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Independent particle model
- Hartree-Fock method
- Electron correlation
- Strongly correlated systems
- Relativistic effects
- Radiative corrections
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The study of the structure and properties of atoms based on quantum mechanics and the Schrödinger equation. These tools make it possible, in principle, to predict most properties of atomic systems. A stationary state of an atom is governed by a time-independent wave function which depends on the position coordinates of all the particles within the atom. To obtain the wave function, the time-independent Schrödinger equation has to be solved. This is a second-order differential equation, Eq. (1),
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