Dieckman, Lynne M. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska.
Last reviewed:May 2020
- Discovery of aspirin
- Mechanism of action
- Adverse effects
- Future prospects
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to control pain, fever, and inflammation. Aspirin is one of the most prevalent medicines in the world and is used to reduce fever and treat minor aches, pains, and inflammation. Furthermore, it is the only nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is also used in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes, as a result of its ability to inhibit the clotting of blood for a prolonged period of time (4 to 7 days versus only a few hours for other NSAIDs). Aspirin, or acetylsalicylic acid, has the molecular formula C9H8O4 and is composed of three functional groups: an aromatic group (phenyl ring), a carboxylate group (COOH), and an ester (R–O–CO–R′) [see illustration]. See also: Analgesic; Fever; Heart disorders; Inflammation; Medicine; Pain; Pharmacology; Pharmacy
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information