Schermbeck, Rebecca M. School of Public Health, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois.
Last reviewed:June 2019
Show previous versions
- Artificial sweeteners, published March 2018:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Artificial sweeteners, published June 2015:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Approved artificial sweeteners
- Health benefits and concerns
- Consumption patterns in the United States
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Substitutes for sugar (sucrose) in foods and beverages that provide intense sweetness with few to no calories. Artificial sweeteners are sometimes called low-calorie sweeteners, high-intensity sweeteners, noncaloric sweeteners, non-nutritive sweeteners, or intense sweeteners (see illustration). Artificial sweeteners can be used in combination with sugar or can completely replace sugar in food and beverage products. Sugar contains roughly 4 calories per gram, that is, about 16 calories per teaspoon. The average 355-ml (12-oz) soft drink contains about 140 calories from sugar, while the same-size soft drink with an artificial sweetener may contain less than 5 calories. Artificial sweeteners can be 150–20,000 times sweeter than sugar, thus requiring only small amounts of the sugar substitute to achieve the same level of sweetness in a food or beverage. If an artificial sweetener does contain calories, so little of the artificial sweetener is used that the calorie contribution to the person’s diet is almost zero. See also: Food; Food manufacturing; Sugars (sweeteners); Taste
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information