Ibrahim, Aly M. Agricultural Research Service, Western Region, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Salinas, California.
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Cynara scolymus (alternatively Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus), a herbaceous perennial plant, in the family Compositae (order Asterales), whose flower head is edible. The artichoke, also called the globe artichoke, has its origin in the Mediterranean region. It requires a mild winter and cool summer with fog and little bright sunshine. It is eaten as a delicacy in Europe, Africa, North America, and South America. Artichoke is also a medicinal plant; it is rich in cynarin and orthophenol constituents. Italy, Spain, Peru, Argentina, France, and the United States (especially California) are the major producers of artichokes. See also: Asterales; Horticultural crops
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