Arctic Ocean freshwater balance
Proshutinsky, Andrey Physical Oceanography Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
Krishfield, Richard Physical Oceanography Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
Timmermans, Mary-Louise Department of Geology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Toole, John M. Physical Oceanography Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
- Freshwater balance: sources and sinks
- Beaufort Gyre freshwater reservoir
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
As part of the global hydrological cycle, the Arctic Ocean plays a central role by receiving, transforming, storing, and exporting freshwater (FW) from rivers, precipitation, sea-ice melt and growth, and from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans via straits. Changes in the FW balance influence the extent of the sea-ice cover, the surface albedo, the energy balance, the temperature and salinity structure of the water masses, and biological processes in the Arctic Ocean and high-latitude seas. Within the entire Arctic Ocean, the FW at the surface maintains a strong density stratification that prevents release of significant deep-ocean heat to the sea ice and atmosphere. Loss of this FW cap could have grave consequences for the climate, resulting in massive sea-ice melt. Subsequent reestablishment of the FW cap and strong stratification could then result in climate cooling as new sea-ice formation ensues.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information