Arctic and subarctic islands
Wonders, William C. Department of Geography, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Diversity of land surfaces
- Vegetation and soils
- Character of major islands
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Defined primarily by climatic rather than latitudinal criteria, arctic islands are those in the Northern Hemisphere where the mean temperature of the warmest month does not exceed 50°F (10°C) and that of the coldest is not above 32°F (0°C). Subarctic islands are those in the Northern Hemisphere where the mean temperature of the warmest month is over 50°F (10°C) for less than 4 months and that of the coldest is less than 32°F (0°C).
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