Pollard, A. Mark Research Laboratory for Archaeology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Beck, Curt W. Department of Chemistry, Amber Research Laboratory, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York.
Last reviewed:January 2021
- Historical overview
- Methods of inorganic analysis
- Optical emission spectrography
- Atomic absorption spectroscopy
- Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy
- Neutron activation analysis
- X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
- Electron microprobe analysis and proton-induced x-ray emission
- Other methods for inorganic analysis
- Organic analysis
- Some applications
- Provenance analysis
- Compound-specific isotope analysis of lipids
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The application of chemical techniques to the study of archeological materials in order to elucidate aspects of the human past. The materials used in archeological chemistry might be anthropogenic (for example, pottery or metal) or natural (from worked stone tools to animal or plant remains that were accidentally included in the archeological deposit), and they range in scale from the microscopic to an entire landscape. See also: Anthropology; Archeology; Chemistry; Dating methods
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