Peirce, G. R. Engineer, Champaign, Illinois.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Carbon arc lamp
- Flame arc lamp
- Metallic electrode arc lamp
- Xenon short-arc lamp
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A type of electric-discharge lamp in which an electric current flows between electrodes through a gas or a vapor. In most arc lamps the light results from the luminescence of the gas; however, in the carbon arc lamp a major portion of the light is produced by the incandescence of one or both electrodes. The color of the arc depends upon the electrode material and the surrounding atmosphere. The type of lamp is often named by the gas contained in the bulb, including neon, argon, xenon, krypton, sodium, metal halide, and mercury. Most lamps have a negative resistance characteristic so that the resistance decreases after the arc has been struck. Therefore some form of current-limiting device is required in the electric circuit. For other electric-discharge lamps See also: Vapor lamp; Metal halide lamp
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