Clark, Wallis H., Jr. Aquaculture Program, University of California, Davis, California.
McGuire, Ann B. Aquaculture Program, University of California, Davis, California.
Last reviewed:June 2019
Show previous versions
- Extensive to intensive culture
- Industrialized aquaculture
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The cultivation of freshwater and marine species for human purposes. Aquaculture, or aquatic farming, is concerned with the raising of animals and the harvesting of plants in freshwater and marine environments (Fig. 1). In other words, it is the aquatic equivalent of land-based agriculture. When marine species are involved, aquaculture is often referred to as mariculture. The concept of aquaculture is not new, having begun in China about 4000 years ago, and the practice of fish culture there has been handed down through the generations. Today, aquaculture is a modern, multidisciplinary technology. Overall, aquaculture accounts for approximately half of the world's production of fish and shellfish, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. See also: Agricultural science (animal); Agricultural science (plant); Agriculture; Fisheries ecology; Marine conservation; Marine ecology; Marine fisheries
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information