Golley, Frank B. Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Ecosystem ecology
- Ecosystem management theory
- Atmospheric problems
- Water problems
- Terrestrial and soil problems
- Nuclear energy
- Population problems
- Environmental planning and design
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The application of ecological principles to the solution of human problems and the maintenance of a quality life. It is assumed that humans are an integral part of ecological systems and that they depend upon healthy, well-operating, and productive systems for their continued well-being. For these reasons, applied ecology is based on a knowledge of ecosystems and populations, and the principles and techniques of ecology are used to interpret and solve specific environmental problems and to plan new management systems in the biosphere. Although a variety of management fields, such as forestry, agriculture, wildlife management, environmental engineering, and environmental design, are concerned with specific parts of the environment, applied ecology is unique in taking a view of whole systems, and attempting to account for all inputs to and outputs from the systems—and all impacts. In the past, applied ecology has been considered as being synonymous with the above applied sciences. See also: Systems ecology
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