Spencer, R. C. Public Health Laboratory, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Ezzell, John W. Bacteriology Division, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Frederick, Maryland.
Last reviewed:January 2019
Show previous versions
- Clinical features
- Cutaneous anthrax
- Inhalation (pulmonary) anthrax
- Gastrointestinal anthrax
- Person-to-person transmission
- Inhalation and gastrointestinal anthrax
- Cutaneous anthrax
- Prophylactic treatment
- Animal vaccines
- Human vaccines
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
An acute, infectious worldwide zoonotic disease (transmissible to humans) caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis to which most animals, especially grazing herbivores, are susceptible. Anthrax is a serious, though rare, infectious disease caused by a rod-shaped bacterium, Bacillus anthracis (Fig. 1). In natural conditions, anthrax infections in humans are predominantly cutaneous and usually result from contact with infected animals or contaminated animal products, such as hides or wool. The awareness of the use of B. anthracis as a bioterrorist weapon has considerably increased. Anthrax is endemic as a zoonosis in many areas of Africa, Asia, and the Americas, where spores can lie dormant in the soil for many years and commonly affect grazing animals, including sheep, cattle, and goats. See also: Agricultural science (animal); Anthrax bacillus and the immune response; Bioterrorism; Infectious disease; Medical bacteriology; Zoonoses
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information