Wong, Gene K. Department of Biological Sciences, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, Connecticut.
Last reviewed:March 2021
- Asexual reproduction
- Sexual reproduction
- Reproductive technologies
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The formation of new animal individuals, which may occur by asexual or sexual means. All animals must reproduce asexually or sexually to create new individuals of their species. In asexual reproduction, a single parent can produce offspring that are genetically identical to itself. In contrast, sexual reproduction requires the participation of two individuals or parents (Fig. 1) that produce gametes: namely, sperm and eggs. Most animals use sexual reproduction as a means of maintaining the genetic diversity of their species. See also: Developmental biology; Genetics; Reproductive system; Speciation
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