Scanes, Colin G. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Measurement of growth
- Mathematical models for growth
- Embryonic and fetal development
- Birth and postnatal growth and development
- Muscle growth
- Bone and cartilage growth
- Adipose tissue growth
- Growth hormone
- Other hormones influencing growth
- Manipulation of growth rate
- Factors influencing growth rate
- Gene imprinting
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The increase in size or weight of an animal. A number of processes are involved in growth. These include hyperplasia, or increase in cell number due to cell proliferation (cell division or mitosis) and recruitment from stem cell populations; hypertrophy, or increase in the size of cells; and differentiation (precursor cells achieving mature functioning— often this process cannot be reversed). Schematic diagrams showing muscle and adipose development are included below. See also: Cell differentiation; Cell division; Cell senescence; Embryonic differentiation; Mitosis; Morphogenesis
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