Hartgens, Fred Department of Surgery, Sports Medicine Centre Maastricht, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Last reviewed:March 2019
Show previous versions
- Androgenic-anabolic steroids and athletes, published November 2009:Download PDF Get Adobe Acrobat Reader
- Abuse by athletes
- Therapeutic use of androgenic-anabolic steroids
- Mechanisms of action
- Effects on body composition
- Skeletal muscle mass
- Muscle fiber
- Effects on performance
- Mixed strength–endurance
- Health effects
- Reproductive system
- Cardiovascular system
- Psyche and behavior
- Other health effects
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Synthetic manufactured drugs derived from the male sex hormone testosterone. Androgenic-anabolic steroids, often termed simply as anabolic steroids, are artificially produced testosterone variants. They can provide a number of medical benefits when used properly. However, they have adverse side effects in many instances, and the use of androgenic-anabolic steroids by athletes has been controversial (Fig. 1). See also: Androgens; Hormone; Medicine; Steroid
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information