Schmidt, Thomas J. Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Last reviewed:May 2021
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- Reproductive functions
- Conversion to estradiol
- Synthetic androgens
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A class of steroid hormones produced in the testes and adrenal cortex that act to regulate masculine secondary sexual characteristics. The major naturally occurring androgens, such as testosterone, are C-19 steroids (that is, they each contain 19 carbon atoms) with a hydroxyl or ketone group at the C-3 and C-17 positions (see the chemical structure of testosterone in Fig. 1). See also: Adrenal gland; Hormone; Steroid; Testis
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