Carroll, C. Ronald Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
Hoffman, Carol D. Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
Banks, John University of Washington, Tacoma, Washington.
Last reviewed:May 2019
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- Energy flux
- Nutrient resources
- Population and community interactions
- Genetic engineering
- Comparative agroecosystems
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A model for the functioning of an agricultural system, with all inputs and outputs. An ecosystem may be as small as a set of microbial interactions that take place on the surface of roots, or as large as the globe. An agroecosystem may be at the level of the individual plant–soil–microorganism system, at the level of crops or herds of domesticated animals (Fig. 1), at the level of farms or agricultural landscapes, or at the level of entire agricultural economies. See also: Agriculture; Ecosystem
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