- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Agriculture, forestry, and soils - general
- Agricultural science (plant)
Agricultural science (plant)
Nelson, Curtis L. Department of Agronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.
Last reviewed:February 2020
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- Domestication of crop plants
- Adaptation of crop plants
- Pesticides and herbicides
- Seed production
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The pure and applied science that is concerned with botany and management of crop and ornamental plants for utilization by humankind. As it relates to plants, agricultural science concerns itself with the application of scientific methods to agriculture (Fig. 1), including the cultivation of land and the farming of crops. Crop plants include those grown and used directly for food, feed, or fiber, such as cereal grains, soybeans, citrus, and cotton; those converted biologically to products of utility, such as forage plants, hops, and mulberry; and those used for medicinal or special products, such as digitalis, opium poppy, coffee, and cinnamon. In addition, many plant products, including crambe oil and rubber, are used in industry, especially in cases where synthetic products have not been satisfactory. Ornamental plants are cultured for their aesthetic value. See also: Agricultural engineering; Agricultural soil and crop practices; Agriculture; Agroecosystem; Agronomy; Farm crops; Floriculture; Horticultural crops; Ornamental plants
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