Agile methods in software engineering
Fox, Christopher Department of Computer Science, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia.
Last reviewed:October 2020
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- Traditional methods
- Agile methods
- Extreme programming
- Sit together
- Whole team
- Informative workspace
- Energized work
- Pair programming
- Weekly cycle
- Quarterly cycle
- Ten-minute build
- Continuous integration
- Test-first programming
- Incremental design
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A group of software development methods in which requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between the developers and the customers. Agile methods have significantly changed the practice of software development since their inception around the turn of the twenty-first century. Traditional software development methods emphasize careful preparation and planning, followed by closely monitored development work culminating in the delivery of a finished product. In contrast, agile methods (see illustration) emphasize close collaboration with customers in creating small product increments in a very short time, providing opportunities to change product requirements quickly and easily (hence the term “agile”). This article surveys the rise of agile methods and characterizes them by describing Extreme Programming and Scrum, the two most influential agile methods.
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