Halstead, Thora Waters Formerly, American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology, Arlington, Virginia.
Last reviewed:September 2018
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- Environment of flight
- Effects of weightlessness
- Radiation hazards
- Additional Readings
The special field of medicine that deals with humans in environments encountered beyond the surface of the Earth. Aerospace medicine includes both aviation medicine and space medicine and is concerned with humans, their environment, and the vehicles in which they fly (Fig. 1). Its objective is to ensure human health, safety, well-being, and effective performance through careful selection and training of flight personnel, protection from the unique flight environment and its physiological and psychological effects, and understanding of the flight vehicle and humans' interaction with it. See also: Airplane; Astronautics; Aviation; Medicine; Space biology; Space flight
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