Lee, J. T. Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.
McCarthy, John National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.
Last reviewed:November 2019
- Low visibility
- Turbulence and low-altitude wind shear
- Upper winds and temperature
- Jet stream
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
The branch of meteorology that deals with atmospheric effects on the operation of vehicles in the atmosphere, including winged aircraft, lighter-than-air devices such as dirigibles, rockets, missiles, and projectiles. The air which supports flight or is traversed on the way to outer space contains many potential hazards. Nine major hazards are considered in this article, which is principally concerned with commercial and general aviation.
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