DISCLAIMER: This article is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at last review, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information.
Srinivasan, Venkat Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley Hills, California.
- Li-ion batteries
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Numerous rechargeable batteries have been considered for use in vehicular applications over the years, including lead-acid, nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH), and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. Each of these differs from the other in the choice of the anode, cathode, and electrolyte, with these choices leading to differences in the metrics that are used to gauge batteries. For batteries for vehicles, the important metrics include energy (representing how much useful work can be performed), power (representing how quickly this energy can be released), cycle life (representing how many times the battery can be charged and discharged before its capacity fades), calendar life (how many years the battery can last before its capacity fades), self-discharge (how many days the battery holds its charge), cost, and safety. Capacity represents how much electricity (electric charge, or electric current integrated over time) can be obtained from the battery; energy is the capacity times the voltage. Depending on the application, these metrics change. For example, while batteries for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) require large power capability with energy being less critical, batteries for electric vehicles (EVs) require large energy to maximize the amount of driving time before recharging.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information