Gad-el-Hak, Mohamed Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
Last reviewed:August 2019
- Smart materials
- Flow control
- Future systems
- Control strategies
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A wing is the primary lift-generating surface of an aircraft. Adaptive wings—also known as smart, compliant, intelligent, morphing, controllable, and reactive wings—are lifting surfaces that can change their shape in flight to achieve optimal performance at different speeds, altitudes, and ambient conditions. There are different levels of sophistication, or intelligence, which can be imbued in a particular design. Smart materials, smart structures, and reactive flow control are the fields of study by means of which an adaptive wing can be conceived, designed, optimized, constructed, and operated.
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