Wagner, Frank Technical Center, Celanese Chemical Company, Corpus Christi, Texas.
- Additional Readings
An explosive, poisonous, flammable liquid, boiling at 77.3°C (171°F), partly soluble in water. The formula CH2 CH C N indicates it may be regarded as vinyl cyanide, and its systematic name is 2-propenonitrile. Acrylonitrile is prepared by ammoxidation of propylene, according to the reaction below, over various sorts of catalysts, chiefly metallic oxides. Older processes, such as catalytic addition of hydrogen cyanide to acetylene, and the catalytic reaction of propylene with nitric oxide, are little used today.
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