Moore, James Alexander Formerly, Department of Chemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
Last reviewed:August 2019
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An organic compound with the formula C2H2 or HCCH. The first member of the alkynes, acetylene is a gas with a narrow liquid range; the triple point is −81°C (−114°F). The heat of formation (ΔH°f ) is +227 kilojoules/mole, and acetylene is the most endothermic compound per carbon of any hydrocarbon. The compound is thus extremely energy-rich and can decompose with explosive force. At one time acetylene was a basic compound for much chemical manufacturing. It is highly reactive and is a versatile source of other reactive compounds.
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