Sessler, Gerhard M. Institut für Ubertragungstechnik für Elektroakustik, Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, Germany.
Last reviewed:January 2020
- Microphone Types
- Electrostatic (condenser) microphones
- Piezoelectric microphones
- Dynamic microphones
- Magnetic microphones
- Silicon (MEMS) microphones
- Directional Characteristics
- Gradient scheme
- Dimensional scheme
- Sensitivity Calibration
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
An electroacoustic device containing a transducer which is actuated by sound waves and delivers electric signals proportional to the sound pressure. Microphones are usually classified with respect to the transducer principle used. Their directional characteristics are also of interest, that is, the voltage output as a function of the direction of incidence for constant sound pressure. See also: Directivity; Sound; Sound pressure; Transducer
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