Ketterle, Wolfgang Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Nobelist.
Last reviewed:October 2019
- Basic phenomenon in ideal gas
- Experimental techniques
- Weak interactions
- Macroscopic wave function
- Strongly correlated quantum gases
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
When a gas of bosonic particles is cooled below a critical temperature, it condenses into a Bose-Einstein condensate. The condensate consists of a macroscopic number of particles, which are all in the ground state of the system. Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) is a phase transition, which does not depend on the specific interactions between particles. It is based on the indistinguishability and wave nature of particles, both of which are at the heart of quantum mechanics.
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