Sanders, Robert W. Department of Zoology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
- Systematic composition
- Vertical migration
- Planktonic food web
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Animals that inhabit the water column of oceans and lakes and lack the means to counteract transport currents. Zooplankton inhabit all layers of these water bodies to the greatest depths sampled, and constitute a major link between primary production and higher trophic levels in aquatic ecosystems. Many zooplankton are capable of strong swimming movements and may migrate vertically from tens to hundreds of meters; others have limited mobility and depend more on water turbulence to stay afloat. All zooplankton, however, lack the ability to maintain their position against the movement of large water masses.
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