Thyroid gland disorders
DeGroot, Leslie J. Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.
Ehrmann, David A. Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.
Last reviewed:December 2018
Show previous versions
- Thyroid gland enlargement
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Pathologies of form and function that affect the thyroid gland. The thyroid (Fig. 1) is an endocrine gland found in all vertebrates. It produces, stores, and secretes the thyroid hormones, and its primary function (in warm-blooded vertebrates at least) is to regulate the rate of metabolism. Thyroid gland disorders may be classified according to anatomical and functional characteristics. Those disorders of the thyroid gland that are primarily anatomical include goiter and neoplasia (new, abnormal growth of tissue); those that are primarily functional result in either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. See also: Endocrine mechanisms; Endocrine system (vertebrate); Metabolic disorders; Metabolism; Thyroid gland; Thyroid hormones
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information