Atkins, Peter W. Department of Chemistry, Lincoln College/Oxford University, United Kingdom.
- Zeroth law of thermodynamics
- First law of thermodynamics
- Second law of thermodynamics
- Third law of thermodynamics
- Gibbs free energy
- Thermodynamics of irreversible processes
- Additional Readings
Laws governing the transformation of energy. Thermodynamics is the science of the transformation of energy. It differs from the dynamics of Newton by taking into account the concept of temperature, which is outside the scope of classical mechanics. In practice, thermodynamics is useful for assessing the efficiencies of heat engines (devices that transform heat into work) and refrigerators (devices that use external sources of work to transfer heat from a hot system to cooler sinks), and for discussing the spontaneity of chemical reactions (their tendency to occur naturally) and the work that they can be used to generate.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information