- Agriculture, Forestry & Soils
- Field crops, grasses, plant fibers, spices, tree crops, herbs
Kirby, Seth Dixon Spice Farms, Dixon, California.
Last reviewed:June 2020
- Growth and cultivation
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A perennial herb, Artemisia dracunculus, in the aster family (Asteraceae), whose pungent leaves are used as a spice. Tarragon (see illustration) is often divided into French and Russian types. French tarragon can be distinguished by its highly aromatic leaves, low seed set or fertility, and compact growth habit (appearance and form). Because of its long history of vegetative propagation to preserve its fine scent characteristics, French tarragon has basically lost its ability to form viable seeds. Russian tarragon does produce seeds, but the plant has a much lower oil content and is not as fine-scented. See also: Asterales; Seed; Spice and flavoring
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