McKinney, Frank K. Department of Geology, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina.
Last reviewed:June 2020
- Colony morphology
- Zooidal morphology
- Reproduction and growth
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
A class of Bryozoa confined to fully marine water. The Stenolaemata include several thousand species distributed among four orders: Cystoporata, Trepostomata, Cryptostomata, and Cyclostomata (=Tubuliporata). The commonly recognized order Fenestrata likely is part of the Cryptostomata. First appearing late in the Early Ordovician, stenolaemates expanded quickly to dominate bryozoan assemblages through the Early Cretaceous. By mid-Cretaceous, the calcified gymnolaemate order Cheilostomata, which originated in the Late Jurassic, had increased in diversity and abundance to equal that of stenolaemates, eventually surpassing the stenolaemates, which are now a minor part of the bryozoan fauna in most marine environments. See also: Bryozoa; Cryptostomata; Cyclostomata (Bryozoa); Cystoporata; Trepostomata
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 10,000 highly qualified scientists and 46 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information