Spinal cord disorders
Stuart, Edward G. West Virginia School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia.
Mottet, N. Karle University Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Last reviewed:April 2020
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- Congenital defects
- Vascular diseases
- Nerve tract degeneration
- Effect of drugs
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
Pathologies or disturbances of form and function that affect the spinal cord. The spinal cord is the portion of the central nervous system within the spinal canal of the vertebral column (see illustration). Descending from the base of the brain, the spinal cord branches to form the many nerves that transmit motor and sensory impulses to and from the tissues of the body. In addition to those disorders common to the brain, the spinal cord is subject to certain lesions and injuries because of its position or structure. See also: Brain; Central nervous system; Nervous system (vertebrate); Nervous system disorders; Spinal cord
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