Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Gray, Michael W. Department of Biochemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Beyer, Ann L. Department of Microbiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.
- Structure and synthesis
- Transfer RNA
- Ribosomal RNA
- Messenger RNA
- Small nuclear RNA
- Antisense RNA: microRNAs and small interfering RNAs
- Other types of RNA
- Viral RNA
- RNA editing
- Catalytic RNA
- Related Primary Literature
- Additional Reading
One of the two major classes of nucleic acid, mainly involved in translating the genetic information carried in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) into proteins. Various types of ribonucleic acids (RNAs) [see table] function in protein synthesis: transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) function in the synthesis of all proteins, whereas messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are a diverse set, with each member specifically directing the synthesis of one protein. Messenger RNA is the intermediate in the usual biological pathway of DNA → RNA → protein. However, RNA is a very versatile molecule. Other types of RNA serve other important functions for cells and viruses, such as the involvement of small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) in mRNA splicing. In some cases, RNA performs functions typically considered DNA-like, such as serving as the genetic material for certain viruses, or roles typically carried out by proteins, such as RNA enzymes or ribozymes. See also: Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); Nucleic acid
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 43 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information