Albert, Henry J. Physics and Metallurgy Laboratory, Research and Development Department, Engelhard Industries Division, Engelhard Minerals and Chemicals Corporation, Newark, New Jersey.
Farrel, Nicholas Department of Chemistry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
Last reviewed:January 2020
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A chemical element, Pt, atomic number 78, and atomic weight 195.09. Platinum is a soft, ductile, white noble metal. The platinum-group metals—platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, osmium, and ruthenium—are found widely distributed over the Earth. Their extreme dilution, however, precludes their recovery, except in special circumstances. For example, small amounts of the platinum metals, palladium in particular, are recovered during the electrolytic refining of copper. See also: Iridium; Osmium; Palladium; Periodic table; Rhodium; Ruthenium
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